In the canon law of the Catholic Church, a person is a subject of certain legal rights and obligations. … The Holy See and the Catholic Church as such are not juridic persons, since juridic persons are created by ecclesiastical law. Rather, they are moral persons by divine law.
Is the Church a juridical person?
35. The following are judicial persons: The corporations, associations, and institutions of public interest recognized by law. … “The church shall be governed in this particular by what has been agreed upon by both powers, and educational and charitable institutions by the provisions of special laws.”
What is an example of a juristic person?
A juristic person has a seperate legal personality from the persons who created it. Thus for example, a company can sue in its own name; a mutual society would have rights and obligations seperate from its members; A university could have duties towards its employees…etc.
What is a legal or juristic person?
a body recognized by the law as being entitled to rights and duties in the same way as a natural or human person, the common example being a company.
What is the meaning of a juristic person?
A juridical person is a non-human legal entity that is not a single natural person but an organization recognized by law as a legal person such as a corporation, government agency, or NGO. … The rights and responsibilities of a juridical person are distinct from those of the natural persons constituting it.
What is a person in the Catholic Church?
In the canon law of the Catholic Church, a person is a subject of certain legal rights and obligations. Persons may be distinguished between physical and juridic persons. … Rather, they are moral persons by divine law.
What is public juridic person?
Public juridic person is an alternative sponsorship arrangement that allows various Church entities to share resources, thus strengthening their competitive position. Creating a public juridic person is simple in theory but can be complicated in practice.
Is a school a juristic person?
In terms of section 15 of the Schools Act, a public school is a legal person (“juristic person”) with legal capacity to perform its functions under the Act. According to its legal personality, the school is a legal subject and has the capacity to be a bearer of rights and obligations.
Is society a juristic person?
A society registered under the Societies Registration Act is not a “company” within the meaning of “company”, as provided in the Act and the Rules. … In that view of the matter, a Society registered under the Societies Registration Act is not a juristic person.
Is state a juristic person?
State: state is a juristic person. It can sue and can be sued. Article 300 of the Indian Constitution provides; The Government of India may sue or be sued by the name of the Union of India and the Government of State may sue or be sued by the name of the State …..
What is juristic type?
Artificial personality, juridical personality, or juristic personality is the characteristic of a non-living entity regarded by law as having the status of personhood. … Entities with legal personality may also be subjected to certain legal obligations, such as the payment of taxes.
Who are juristic persons in jurisprudence?
A juristic person is things, the mass of assets, a community of human beings or an organization on which one can apply the legal law. Juristic personality is the capability to have legal rights and duties.
What is natural person and juristic person?
All human beings are referred to as natural persons and are thus legal subjects. Juristic persons, however, can be defined as certain associations of natural persons, such as companies and universities. 3 They are viewed as entities and are also considered to be “persons” and thus legal subjects in terms of the law.
Is a bank a juristic person?
‘The Bank is a legal person and is, in its corporate capacity, capable of suing and being sued and is, subject to the provisions of this Act, capable of purchasing or otherwise acquiring, holding or alienating property, movable or immovable, and of performing such acts as legal persons may generally by law perform. ‘
What type of business are juristic persons?
A sole proprietorship, partnership and business trust have no communal personality whereas companies and close corporations are juristic persons. The veil of juristic personality may be pierced in accord with the common law and legislature.
Which right does a company have as a juristic person?
A company is a separate legal person, distinct from its shareholders and directors. From the date that the company has been registered, it has all the legal powers and capacity of an individual, except to the extent that a juristic person is incapable of exercising any such power or having such capacity.